TNW-微信公众号自定义菜单

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简介

TNW: TypeScript(The) + Node.js(Next) + WeChat 微信公众号开发脚手架,支持任何 Node.js 的服务端框架(Express、Nest、egg 等)

接口权限

公众号接口权限说明

菜单规则以及按钮类型说明

实现自定义菜单有两种方式

  1. 编辑模式
  2. 开发模式

编辑模式

登录 MP 平台,侧栏找到 添加功能插件 菜单并在插件库中找到 自定义菜单 插件添加后按照提示操作即可。

开发模式

开发模式下有两种实现方式但推荐使用第二种

  1. 使用微信 公众平台接口调试工具 实现
  2. 使用 官方提供的接口 实现

TNW 中具体实现

  • 创建菜单
  • 删除菜单
  • 查询菜单
  • 添加个性化菜单
  • 删除个性化菜单
  • 测试个性化菜单匹配结果
export class MenuApi {

    private static createMenuUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/create?access_token=%s'
    private static deleteMenuUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/delete?access_token=%s';
    private static getMenuUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/get?access_token=s%';
    private static getSelfMenuInfoUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/get_current_selfmenu_info?access_token=s%';

    private static addConditionalUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/addconditional?access_token=s%';
    private static delConditionalUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/delconditional?access_token=s%';
    private static tryMatchUrl = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/menu/trymatch?access_token=s%';


    /**
     * 创建菜单
     * @param response 
     * @param menuJson 
     */
    public static async create(menuJson: string) {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.createMenuUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpPost(url, menuJson);
    }
    /**
     * 删除菜单
     * @param response 
     */
    public static async delete() {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.deleteMenuUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpGet(url);
    }
    /**
     * 查询菜单
     * @param response 
     */
    public static async get() {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.getMenuUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpGet(url);
    }
    public static async getCurrentSelfMenu() {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.getSelfMenuInfoUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpGet(url);
    }

    /**
     * 添加个性化菜单
     * @param response 
     * @param menuJson 
     */
    public static async addConditional(menuJson: string) {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.addConditionalUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpPost(url, menuJson);
    }

    /**
     * 删除个性化菜单
     * @param response 
     */
    public static async deleteConditional() {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.delConditionalUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpGet(url);
    }
    /**
     * 测试个性化菜单匹配结果
     * @param response 
     * @param openId 
     */
    public static async tryMatch(openId: string) {
        let accessToken = await AccessTokenApi.getAccessToken();
        let url = util.format(this.tryMatchUrl, (<AccessToken>accessToken).getAccessToken);
        return HttpKit.getHttpDelegate.httpPost(url, JSON.stringify({
            "user_id": openId
        }));
    }
}

读取配置文件来创建菜单

// 读取配置文件来创建自定义菜单
app.get('/creatMenu', (req: any, res: any) => {
    fs.readFile("./config/menu.json", function (err, data) {
        if (err) {
            console.log(err);
            return;
        }
        let fileData = data.toString();
        console.log(fileData);
        // res.send(fileData)
        MenuApi.create(fileData).then(data => {
            res.send(data);
        });
    });
});

动态创建自定义菜单

app.get('/dynamicCreatMenu', (req: any, res: any) => {
    MenuApi.create(JSON.stringify(MenuManager.getMenu())).then(data => {
        res.send(data);
    });
});

菜单管理类

export class MenuManager {

    static getMenu(): Menu {
        let btn11 = new ClickButton();
        btn11.setName = "微信相册发图";
        btn11.setType = "pic_weixin";
        btn11.setKey = "rselfmenu_1_1";

        let btn12 = new ClickButton();
        btn12.setName = "拍照或者相册发图";
        btn12.setType = "pic_photo_or_album";
        btn12.setKey = "rselfmenu_1_2";

        let btn13 = new ClickButton();
        btn13.setName = "系统拍照发图";
        btn13.setType = "pic_sysphoto";
        btn13.setKey = "rselfmenu_1_3";

        let btn21 = new ClickButton();
        btn21.setName = "扫码带提示";
        btn21.setType = "scancode_waitmsg";
        btn21.setKey = "rselfmenu_2_1";

        let btn22 = new ClickButton();
        btn22.setName = "扫码推事件";
        btn22.setType = "scancode_push";
        btn22.setKey = "rselfmenu_2_2";

        let btn23 = new ViewButton();
        btn23.setName = "Gitee";
        btn23.setType = "view";
        btn23.setUrl = "https://gitee.com/javen205";


        let btn31 = new ViewButton();
        btn31.setName = "IJPay";
        btn31.setType = "view";
        btn31.setUrl = "https://gitee.com/javen205/IJPay";

        let btn32 = new ClickButton();
        btn32.setName = "发送位置";
        btn32.setType = "location_select";
        btn32.setKey = "rselfmenu_3_2";

        let btn33 = new ViewButton();
        btn33.setName = "在线咨询";
        btn33.setType = "view";
        btn33.setUrl = "http://wpa.qq.com/msgrd?v=3&uin=572839485&site=qq&menu=yes";

        let btn34 = new ViewButton();
        btn34.setName = "我的博客";
        btn34.setType = "view";
        btn34.setUrl = "https://blog.javen.dev";

        let btn35 = new ClickButton();
        btn35.setName = "点击事件";
        btn35.setType = "click";
        btn35.setKey = "rselfmenu_3_5";

        let mainBtn1 = new ComButton();
        mainBtn1.setName = "发图";
        mainBtn1.setSubButton = [btn11, btn12, btn13];

        let mainBtn2 = new ComButton();
        mainBtn2.setName = "扫码";
        mainBtn2.setSubButton = [btn21, btn22, btn23];

        let mainBtn3 = new ComButton();
        mainBtn3.setName = "个人中心";
        mainBtn3.setSubButton = [btn31, btn32, btn33, btn34, btn35];
        let menu = new Menu();
        menu.setButton = [mainBtn1, mainBtn2, mainBtn3];

        return menu;
    }
}

封装实体类


export class Menu {
    private button!: Button[];
    private matchrule!: Matchrule;

    public get getButton(): Button[] {
        return this.button;
    }
    public set setButton(button: Button[]) {
        this.button = button;
    }

    public get getMatchrule(): Matchrule {
        return this.matchrule;
    }
    public set setMatchrule(matchrule: Matchrule) {
        this.matchrule = matchrule;
    }
}

export class Button {
    private name: string;
    private type: string;

    constructor(name?: string, type?: string) {
        this.name = name || '';
        this.type = type || '';
    }

    public get getName(): string {
        return this.name;
    }
    public set setName(name: string) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public get getType(): string {
        return this.type;
    }
    public set setType(type: string) {
        this.type = type;
    }
}


export class ClickButton extends Button {
    private key: string;

    constructor(name?: string, type?: string, key?: string) {
        super(name, type);
        this.key = key || '';
    }

    public get getKey(): string {
        return this.key;
    }
    public set setKey(key: string) {
        this.key = key;
    }
}


export class ComButton extends Button {
    private sub_button: Button[];

    constructor(name?: string, type?: string, sub_button?: Button[]) {
        super(name, type);
        this.sub_button = sub_button || [];
    }

    public get getSubButton(): Button[] {
        return this.sub_button;
    }
    public set setSubButton(sub_button: Button[]) {
        this.sub_button = sub_button;
    }
}


export class MediaButton extends Button {
    private media_id: string;

    constructor(name?: string, type?: string, media_id?: string) {
        super(name, type);
        this.media_id = media_id || '';
    }

    public get getMediaId(): string {
        return this.media_id;
    }
    public set setMediaId(media_id: string) {
        this.media_id = media_id;
    }
}

export class ViewButton extends Button {
    private url: string;

    constructor(name?: string, type?: string, url?: string) {
        super(name, type);
        this.url = url || '';
    }

    public get getUrl(): string {
        return this.url;
    }
    public set setUrl(url: string) {
        this.url = url;
    }
}

export class Matchrule {
    //用户分组id,可通过用户分组管理接口获取
    private tag_id!: string;
    //性别:男(1)女(2),不填则不做匹配
    private sex!: string;
    //国家信息
    private country!: string;
    //省份信息
    private province!: string;
    //城市信息
    private city!: string;
    //客户端版本,当前只具体到系统型号:IOS(1), Android(2),Others(3),不填则不做匹配
    private client_platform_type!: string;
    //语言信息
    private language!: string;


    public get getTagId(): string {
        return this.tag_id;
    }

    public set setTagId(tag_id: string) {
        this.tag_id = tag_id;
    }

    public get getSex(): string {
        return this.sex;
    }

    public set setSex(sex: string) {
        this.sex = sex;
    }

    public get getCountry(): string {
        return this.country;
    }

    public set setCountry(country: string) {
        this.country = country;
    }

    public get getProvince(): string {
        return this.province;
    }

    public set setProvince(province: string) {
        this.province = province;
    }

    public get getCity(): string {
        return this.city;
    }

    public set setCity(city: string) {
        this.city = city;
    }

    public get getClientPlatformType(): string {
        return this.client_platform_type;
    }

    public set setClientPlatformType(client_platform_type: string) {
        this.client_platform_type = client_platform_type;
    }

    public get getLanguage(): string {
        return this.language;
    }

    public set setLanguage(language: string) {
        this.language = language;
    }

}

Java 版本自定义菜单

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